Stato e chiese and privacy protection

Stato e Chiese and privacy protection

Dear User, thank you for visiting our site. The e-magazine has always been very attentive to protecting the personal data it processes, not only because it is required by specific legislation, but also because safeguarding data is a fundamental asset. It is for these reasons that we constantly strive to provide our users with an Internet experience that fully respects and protects their privacy.

Why this warning?

The following Privacy Policy describes how we manage the site in relation to processing the personal data of the users who consult it. This notice is also provided pursuant to the GDPR to those persons who interact with the web services provided directly by the "Stato, Chiese e pluralismo confessionale" electronic magazine, which is accessible electronically via the address:, managed by Dipartimento "Cesare Beccaria" - via Festa del Perdono, 7 - Milan MI 20122 and directed by Prof. Giuseppe Casuscelli, as Data Controller, and not for any other websites consulted by users via links. The Privacy Policy and Standards used to protect personal data are based on the following principles:

1) RESPONSIBILITY: Personal data are processed by specific people identified within the company organization.

2) TRANSPARENCY: Personal data are collected and subsequently processed in accordance with the principles expressed in this Privacy Policy. When users provide data, they are provided with concise but complete information as required by the GDPR.

3) PERTINENCE: Personal data are processed lawfully and fairly. They are recorded for specific, explicit and legitimate purposes. They are relevant and not excessive for the purposes of the processing. They are kept for the time necessary for the purposes of collection.

4) PURPOSE OF USE: The purpose of personal data processing is stated to the user at the time of collection. Prior to any new data processing, if unrelated to the stated purposes, the interested party is notified and consent is requested as required by the GDPR.

5) VERIFIABILITY: Personal data are accurate and kept up to date. They are also organized and stored in such a way as to allow the interested party to know, if he/she wishes, which data have been collected and recorded. Interested parties can also check their quality and request their correction, integration or deletion for violation of the law, oppose processing and exercise all the other rights provided by the GDPR at the addresses indicated in the contact information on the website.

6) SECURITY: Personal data are protected by technical, IT, organizational, logistic and procedural security measures against the risk of destruction or loss (including accidental) and unauthorized access or processing. These measures are updated periodically on the basis of technical advancements, the nature of the data and the specific characteristics of the processing, which are monitored constantly and verified over time.

With the consent of the interested parties if required by law, and in any case subject to adequate information specifying the various purposes, personal data may be disclosed to public or private third parties who are unrelated to "Stato e Chiese”, who process them as autonomous data controllers. Stato e Chiese is in no way responsible for this processing. Stato e Chiese assumes no responsibility for the following:

the rules and procedures for the management of personal data of other websites that can be accessed from our pages through links and references
the contents of any e-mail services, Web spaces, chat forums provided to users

Processing related to the web services offered by this site is done at the registered office of “Stato e Chiese” and possibly at the offices of external processors. It is done by data processors assigned to the requested services, marketing activities - when requested by the user - data storage and occasional maintenance operations.

Scope of data communication

The personal data provided may be disclosed to third parties to comply with legal obligations or with orders from authorised public authorities, or to enforce or defend a right in court. If required for specific requested services or if requested, personal data may be disclosed to third parties who act as independent data controllers to perform functions strictly connected and instrumental to the provision of services or products. Without the communication of personal data, these services and products could not be provided. Personal data will not be disclosed unless the requested service requires them.

Types of data collected, purposes and methods of processing

You should know that your professional and personal interests may be collected when you browse the website. However, such information is collected only and exclusively to provide the requested services and possibly to check the quality of the services offered.

Analytical and profiling activities relating to purchase and professional choices are not done using automated tools on

Data provided voluntarily by the user

Only the types of personal data necessary for the provision of the various services are collected and processed on the site. The collected data are processed by manual, automated and telematic methods and according to a logic strictly related to the purposes of the processing. Any voluntary sending of email to the addresses indicated on the site involves the acquisition of the sender's address along with any other information contained in the message. These personal data will be used only to perform the requested service

Browsing data

You should know that during their normal operation, the site’s software procedures acquire certain personal data (data related to browsing) whose transmission is implicit in the use of internet communication protocols. Although information is not intended to be associated with identified users, by their nature, if associated with other data held by third parties (e.g. your internet service provider), could allow the identification of users. This category of data includes IP addresses or domain names of the computers used by users connecting to the site, the URL addresses (Uniform Resource Locator) of the requested resources, the time of the request, the method used to submit the request to the server, the size of the file obtained in response, the numerical code indicating the status of the response given by the server (success, error, etc.) and other parameters relating to the operating system and the user's computer environment. These data are used for the sole purpose of anonymous statistics on site use and to check its correct functioning.

The Data Controller and, depending on the service requested, the designated Data Processors keep, for a limited period as required by law, the connections/browsing log to respond to any requests from judicial authorities or other public bodies entitled to request the log to determine responsibility in case of computer crimes.

The provision of data

Aside from browser data, the user is not required to submit the personal data requested in the registration forms for services. However, some data on these forms may be marked as required. These data are necessary to provide the requested service. If they are not provided, the requested service cannot be provided and the related opportunities cannot be used.

At the time of submitting the data, the interested party is provided with a notice containing all the information required by the GDPR. The interested party is then asked to give his/her informed, free and express consent specifically and in documented form as required by law. In the event the personal data are transferred in subsequent stages, additional information may be provided to the notice provided previously and new consent to the processing may be requested.

Security measures taken to protect collected data

The site uses "secure" architectures and technologies to protect personal data against undue disclosure, alteration or improper use. Personal data are protected, in particular, to minimize the risk of data destruction or loss, including accidental loss, unauthorized access or processing that is not allowed or not consistent with the purposes of collection. Periodic "risk analysis" activities are performed to verify compliance with the defined standards and if necessary, adopt new security measures following organizational changes and technological innovations or changes in the type of data collected. The security measures are constantly monitored and periodically checked. The subjects to whom the personal data refer have the right at any time to exercise their rights as provided for by the GDPR. Requests should be sent to or to the specific addresses indicated in the information given to users at the time personal data is collected.

Cookies policy

What are cookies?

Cookies are small text files containing a certain amount of information exchanged between a website and your terminal (usually the browser). They are normally used by the website manager to store the information needed to improve navigation within the site or to send advertising messages in line with the preferences expressed by the user when surfing the net. When you visit the same site again or any other site, your device checks for a recognized cookie to read the information in it. Different cookies contain different information and are used for different purposes (efficient navigation of the pages of the same site, profiling in order to send targeted promotional messages, analysis of the number of visits to the site).

Some cookies (called session cookies) are assigned to the user's device only for the duration of the access to the site and expire automatically when the browser is closed. Other cookies (defined as persistent) remain on the device for a prolonged period of time.

On the site, some cookies are associated with your machine but do not identify the end user. These cookies are stored temporarily until the end of your browsing.

The specific purposes of the different types of cookies installed on this site are described below.

Follow the instructions below to disable cookies.

Features and purposes of cookies installed by the site

Technical cookies:

These are cookies used specifically to allow the proper operation and use of our site. For example, technical cookies are used for user login. They are provided primarily by site servers or by third parties for external services such as social networks.

How to disable this type of cookie:

The main and most common browsers accept all cookies by default. You can change this option through the features on your browser, disabling the function completely or requiring your explicit consent for each incoming cookie.

Profiling cookies: does not collect profiling cookies of any kind.

Analytical cookies:

These are cookies used for statistical analysis, to improve the site and simplify its use, as well as to monitor its correct functioning. This type of cookie collects anonymous information on the activity of users on the site. This type of cookie is provided exclusively by third parties.

For more information and instructions on how to disable third-party analytical cookies, visit <a href="

How" class="redactor-autoparser-object">

<a href="

How" class="redactor-autoparser-object"><... to grant or withdraw consent

You grant consent to the use of cookies initially through the following methods: closing the banner, scrolling the page containing the banner or clicking any of its elements (click here to see how it works). You can withdraw your consent at any time as indicated above.

Options about the use of cookies by the site through browser settings

All cookies, both first and third-party cookies, can be disabled by adjusting your browser’s settings. You should be aware, however, that sites may not be usable if you block cookies that are essential for functionality. Each browser has different settings for deactivating cookies. Below are links to the instructions for the most common browsers.

Microsoft Internet Explorer
Google Chrome
Apple Safari
Mozilla Firefox

Third-party sites

Third-party sites that can be accessed through this website are not covered by this policy. Stato e Chiese declines all responsibility for them. The categories of cookies used and the type of personal data processing by these companies are governed in accordance with the information provided by these companies.

Using IP Addresses

An IP address is a number automatically assigned to your computer each time you connect to the Internet through your Internet Service Provider or from a corporate LAN / WAN network that uses the same Internet protocols. Just like your home address, to which others can send you things, the IP address lets the website send its pages to you.